Gautama Buddha ( c. 563– c. 460 bc):
The name of the founder of Buddhism, Siddartha Gautama. Born an Indian prince, he renounced wealth and family to become an ascetic, and after achieving enlightenment while meditating, taught all who came to learn from him.
Ashoka (c. 269–232 bc):
“Emperor of India. He converted to Buddhism and established it as the state religion.”
“The central figure of the Christian religion. Jesus conducted a mission of preaching and healing (with reported miracles) in Palestine in about ad 28–30, which is described in the Gospels. His followers considered him to be the Christ or Messiah and the Son of God, and belief in his resurrection from the dead is the central tenet of Christianity.”
Italian poet; full name Dante Alighieri. He wrote The Divine Comedy ( c. 1309–20), an epic poem that describes his spiritual journey through Hell and Purgatory and finally to Paradise. His love for Beatrice Portinari is described in Vita nuova ( c. 1290–94).
Christopher Marlowe (1564–93):
“English playwright and poet whose work influenced Shakespeare’s early historical plays. Notable plays: Doctor Faustus ( c. 1590) and The Jew of Malta (1592).”
William Shakespeare (1564–1616):
“English playwright. His plays are written mostly in blank verse and include comedies, historical plays, the Greek and Roman plays, enigmatic comedies, the great tragedies, and the group of tragicomedies with which he ended his career. He also wrote more than 150 sonnets, which were published in 1609, as well as narrative poems.”
John Milton (1608–74):
“English poet. His three major works, Paradise Lost (1667; revised, 1674), Paradise Regained (1671), and Samson Agonistes (1671), which were completed after he had gone blind in 1652, show his mastery of blank verse .”
Abraham Lincoln (1809–65):
“16th president of the U.S. 1861–65. A Republican, his election to the presidency on an anti-slavery platform helped to precipitate the Civil War, which was fought during his administration. He was assassinated shortly after the war ended and before he could fulfill his campaign promise to reconcile the North and the South. He was noted for his succinct, eloquent speeches, including the Gettysburg Address of 1863.”
Karl Marx (1818–83):
“German political philosopher and economist, resident of England from 1849. The founder of modern communism with Friedrich Engels, he collaborated with him in the writing of the Communist Manifesto (1848) and enlarged it into a series of books, most notably the three-volume Das Kapital.”
Swami Vivekananda (1863 – 1902):
He was considered generous, and had a liberal and progressive outlook in social and religious reformation. He greeted the youngest of the nations in the name of “the most ancient order of monks in the world, the Vedic order of sannyasins, a religion which has taught the world both tolerance and universal acceptance.”
He summarized the Vedanta’s teachings as follows,
- Each soul is potentially divine.
- The goal is to manifest this Divinity within by controlling nature, external and internal.
- Do this either by work, or worship, or mental discipline, or philosophy—by one, or more, or all of these—and be free.
- This is the whole of religion. Doctrines, or dogmas, or rituals, or books, or temples, or forms, are but secondary details.
- So long as even a single dog in my country is without food my whole religion is to feed it and serve it, anything excluding that is nonreligious.
Mahatma Gandhi (1869–1948):
“Indian nationalist and spiritual leader; full name Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. Prominent in the opposition to British rule in India, he pursued a policy of nonviolent civil disobedience. Although he never held government office, he was regarded as the country’s supreme political and spiritual leader. Gandhi was assassinated by a Hindu following his agreement to the creation of the state of Pakistan.”
Salman Rushdie (1947–):
“British novelist, born in India. His work, chiefly associated with magic realism, includes Midnight’s Children (1981) and The Satanic Verses (1988). The latter, regarded by Muslims as blasphemous, caused Ayatollah Khomeini to issue a fatwa in 1989 that condemned Rushdie to death.”
Where is my mind?
The list of the wisest fools is firmly considered by me. They are actually many surrounded by ! The research says that they have sacrificed their life for social reformation and world peace. They had fought against illusionary power, and wealth that is governing by their opponents. One goes another appears.
They tried to establish world peace and become unsuccessful to change the classified society. How the shiny minerals that distributed and decided fortune of many people? Throughout the ages people remain the fool. They are following the wrong disciplines. We, ordinary people are opting wrong messages; blinded, betrayed by kings, queens, preachers, and fortune tellers. Wise men work hard to deliver their message through literature, art, and music. Rich men adore them to decorate their position. Society remain the same. We are stepping into the double folded the path of darkness. It is impossible to change, because there is no escape from the multi–coloured face of the society. Think about it!