Victorian England was restraint, disciplined, glorious and most influential historical moment ever we see through the time-table. Society, culture, art, science and literature the world become inspired and decided to follow the English path of life. Generations will dream to get back the time. Full of life and high quality literature and entertainment.
Alas! Today media and publishers are started an anti-cultural torture by promoting low-quality writers, artists and entertainers. We are suffering today reading unethical literary contents by popular publishers!
The middle of the Victorian age is marked by a new Romantic impulse, the Pre-Raphaelite Movement, which begins with
Dante Gabriel Rossetti (1828 – 82)
Rossetti was born in London. His father was an Italian refugee. He was educated at King’s College School and took the systematic study of painting. In 1848 with Holman Hunt, and John E. Millais founded the pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood. The purpose of the Brotherhood was to restore art and literature. In 1849 he painted the Girlhood of Mary Virgin his one of the greatest work in art. His other pictures are Beata Beatrix, Monna Vanna and Dante’s Dream. When he was nineteen, by a special inspiration he wrote his best and most famous poem The Blessed Damozel. In 1861 he brought out a volume of translations from the early Italian poets under the title of Dante and his Circle. Rossetti’s impulses were generous but his habits were eccentric, selfish and unfortunate. In grief of his wife’s death he had buried his Poems inside her coffin which are afterwards dug up and appeared in 1870. Rossetti devoted all his life to produce both poetry and paintings.
For more info about the painting please visit : www.the-athenaeum.org
Rossetti’s poetry was different from any other English poet and the difference is clearly due to his Italian race. He had no religious, moral or social interests. He was an artist almost purely for the sake of art and writing was his passion. Rossetti had much of spiritual mysticism and his interest centers under the inner rather than the outer life. His melody depends on Latinized vocabulary, Italian pronunciations and masterly use of refrains. Rossetti is especially connected with the sonnet. His sonnet sequence The House of Life is one of the most notable in the literature that exalted ‘the earthly love’ is the central force in the world.
William Morris (1834 – 96)
Poet, artist and socialist was educated at Oxford and one of the beginner of the Oxford and Cambridge Magazine to which he supplied poems, tales and essays. In 1858 he published his first book Defence of Guenevere and other Poems. This follows The Earthly Paradise and Love is Enough. In the same year he translated Virgil’s Æneid. His translation of the Odyssey in verse appeared in 1887. He may be regarded as the leader of the modern romantic school. His poetry is sweet in melody and he has a power of description which makes his lyrics live and glow but his narratives are sometime very lengthy.
A C Swinburne (1837-1909)
Received his early education in France and later at Oxford where he studied Latin, Greek, French and Italian. He left Oxford without completing his graduation. In his earlier days in London he was closely associated with the pre-Raphaelite, the Rossettis, Meredith and Burne-Jones. He published two plays, The Queen Mother and Rosamund which made no impression on the public. He traveled Italy. On his return he published three volumes of Poems and Ballads. His next works are the Song of Italy (1867) and Songs before Sunrise (1871). In Greek model he wrote Atalanta. Among his prose works are Under the Microscope, A Study of Shakespeare (1880), A Study of Victor Hugo (1886), and A Study of Ben Jonson (1889). But Swinburne never became widely popular.