The Tyger is a representative poem of Songs of Experiences and the Lamb is of Songs of Innocence. The two poems represent the two aspects of Jesus Christ. Blake signifies the two poems with vivid and extra-ordinary Biblical image.
Tiger is spelt as Tyger in order to suggest the fierceness, creates a roaring vibrating sound T-y-g-e-r-r-r…! The tiger is a symbol of wrath, passion and thus the image of the Christ. Christ includes within Himself the meekness of the lamb and the wrath of the tiger. The symbolism of the poem is sometimes paused to an allegorical level which damages the artistic effect!
“Tyger! Tyger! burning bright
In the forests of the night,
What immortal hand or eye
Could frame thy fearful symmetry?”
The tiger is the representative of strength and force to break the bond of experiences. When the evil becomes so powerful to destroy good, innocence… a vehement force like tiger becomes necessary to protect them.
Lamb is the symbol of love, pity, joy, virtue and mercy that united the world of creatures. The lamb is as innocent as a little child. The happy child discovers God in lamb. Blake through the vision of the child sees this meekness of the lamb is alike the passion of the Christ. The lamb is a typically a good Christian poem. The symbol — “lamb of God”! The Christ is called the lamb of God. Who sacrifices himself on the wooden cross to rescue the mankind from the sins? This is a pure religious conception and that images are drawn from the New Testament.
The child knows instinctively that lamb is God, and God is a child. So the child told the lamb that—
“I a child, and thou a lamb,
We are called by His name.”
Actually the lamb and the tiger are symbols of two different states of the human soul. The two sections—Innocence and Experience are contrasted elements in a single design. The first part sets out an imaginative vision of the state of innocence and the second shows how life changes, corrupts and spoils. But experience is an inescapable fact. It is also a necessary stage which is very important in the cycle of life.